Caladenia catenata (Sm.) Druce

White Caladenia

Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles suppl. 2 611 (1917) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant slender, 10–30 cm tall. Leaf linear, 6–14 cm long, 3–4 mm wide. Flowers 1 or 2, white, rarely pinkish, with an orange tip on the labellum; perianth segments sparsely hairy on outside, mostly towards the base; dorsal sepal erect or incurved, linear-oblong, 15–22 mm long; lateral sepals 15–25 mm long, spreading, slightly oblique, narrowly elliptic; petals spreading, 15–22 mm long. Labellum sessile, 3-lobed, 8–10 mm long, 6–8 mm wide (when flattened), white or pinkish, lateral lobes narrow, obtuse, margins entire, or toothed apically; mid-lobe triangular, recurved, longer than lateral lobes, orange-yellow at the apex, margins with finger-like teeth; lamina calli in 2 rows extending to base of mid-lobe, elongate, mostly clubbed, yellow or white. Column incurved, winged throughout, broader towards tip, inside often with a band of maroon or red in middle region; anther with a short point. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HSF, VAlp, VVP. Also Qld, NSW. Scattered and uncommon in open-forests and woodlands of foothills and lowlands from near Meredith eastward to the NSW border near Genoa.

Some Victorian plants of Caladenia catenata have a reddish or maroonish band on the inside of the column, a feature characteristic of the Qld and NSW species C. picta. However, C. picta flowers earlier (May-July) and has the flowers held slightly more erect than in C. catenata.

In the Yarram area, apparent hybrids occur between C. catenata and C. carnea, and flowers of true C. catenata in this region can be quite pink in colour.

Caladenia maritima (from the Anglesea area) differs from C. catenata in its almost glabrous leaf and dark purplish transverse bars on the labellum lamina.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia catenata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia catenata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory