Cyperus sanguinolentus Vahl

Enum,. Pl. 2: 351 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted annual or perennial. Culms trigonous, smooth, 5–80 cm high, to 2 mm diam. Leaves not septate-nodulose, equalling or shorter than culms, 1–3 mm wide. Inflorescence simple with 3–5 branches to 5 cm long, or head-like; clusters subdigitate or spicate, hemispherical, to 2.5 cm diam.; involucral bracts leaf-like, 1–3 exceeding inflorescence. Spikelets flattened, 2–25 per cluster, 5–20 mm long, 2–3 mm wide in side view, 6–36-flowered; rachilla not winged, persistent; glumes obtuse, with keel 1–3-nerved, dark red-brown to blackish, margins pale, often with a hyaline patch on sides, 1.5–2.5 mm long, 1.5–2 mm wide in side view; stamens 2 or 3. Nut biconvex, broad-obovate to orbicular, brown to blackish, from one-third to one-half as long as glume, 0.8–1.5 mm long, 0.6–1.2 mm wide. Flowers spring–summer.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuM, NIS, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. All mainland States except NT. Malesia, Asia, Africa. Scattered, mostly in the southern part of the State, chiefly on sandy or alluvial soils around swamps and on stream-banks, occasionally appearing in disturbed sites. .

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Cyperus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cyperus sanguinolentus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cyperus sanguinolentus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory