Trifolium repens var. repens

White Clover

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate perennial herb; stems rhizomatous, 10–30 cm long, glabrous or glabrescent, rooting at nodes. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, long-petiolate; leaflets broad-obovate to orbicular, 6–40 mm long, 10–30 mm wide, glabrous, prominently veined, often with a pale crescent on upper surface, margins serrulate, apex often emarginate; stipules membranous, sheathing. Inflorescence with more than 20 flowers, axillary, umbellate or globular, 15–35 mm long, 15–35 mm wide, pedunculate; flowers pedicellate. Calyx 3–5 mm long, tube campanulate, usually 10-veined, throat open, teeth about as long as tube, unequal, spiny; corolla 4–13 mm long, white, yellow or pink, persistent; standard ovate-lanceolate, apex rounded. Pod linear-oblong, 4–6 mm long, exserted from calyx tube; seeds 3 or 4, ovoid or reniform, c. 1 mm long, brownish, smooth. Flowers mainly Aug.–Feb.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, Qld, ACT. Native to northern Africa, Europe, temperate Asia. Widely cultivated throughout the world and an important fodder crop; established throughout much of Victoria and readily invading parks, gardens and playing fields in urban areas.

Zohary & Heller (1984) recognize 8 varieties based on differences in flower colour and a number of morphological features. Victorian material fits the type variety most comfortably although a great deal of variation is displayed by specimens found in this State.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-18

Zohary M. & Heller, D. (1984). The genus Trifolium, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Trifolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Trifolium repens var. repens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Trifolium repens var. repens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory