Prasophyllum spicatum R.J.Bates & D.L.Jones

New Taxa Austral. Orchid. (Austral. Orchid Res. 2) 80 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: vulnerable (VU); Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Flowering stem slender, 10–80 cm tall. Leaf-blade to 50 cm long, 4–8 mm diam. at base, purplish. Flowers 10–50, white with greenish or red markings, fragrant, in a dense, narrow spike 6–20 cm long; ovary obovoid, 4–6 mm long, swollen; sepals 6–8 mm long, greenish and red-brown, dorsal sepal thick-textured, deflexed, linear-ovate, lateral sepals free, linear-oblong, divergent, suberect, distal margins involute, apex obtuse; petals 6–8 mm long, spathulate or oblong-spathulate, white, obtuse with crenulate margins, often with reddish basal stripe. Labellum 7–10 mm long, white, crystalline, bent at about 90 deg. near the middle, proximal half erect, margins intensely folded and crisped-crenulate; callus yellowish, thin-textured, channelled, ending just past the bend, basal swelling prominent, pyramidal. Column appendages falcate, to 3 mm long, truncate. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

EGL, GipP, Glep, OtP, Strz, VVP, WaP. Also SA. Grows in coastal heath and sandhills. Flowers Aug.-Nov. Localised across southern Victoria in coastal heathland and near-coastal heathy forest on sandy soils.

Flowers freely after fire or similar disturbance.

Prasophyllum spicatum is characterized by its dense, narrow-cylindric spike of flowers with a very erect distal part of labellum and broad white petals. Occasionally occurring with P. odoratum sens. lat., but no intermediates have been reported.

Source: Bates, R.J. (1994). Prasophyllum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-03-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Prasophyllum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prasophyllum spicatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prasophyllum spicatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales