Australopyrum velutinum (Nees) B.K.Simon

Mountain Wheat-grass

Austrobaileya 2: 241 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Tufted or shortly rhizomatous perennial. Culms covered with velvety hairs, erect, to 40 cm high. Leaves usually covered, at least when young, by short fine pubescence; blade erect, flat or folded, 4–12 cm long and 2–4 mm wide; ligule a minute ciliate rim; auricles small and pointed or lacking. Inflorescence compact, more or less distichous, 2–5 cm long, of 5–10 spikelets. Spikelets 5–8-flowered, rigid, ovate, c. 1 cm long; glumes sub-equal, lanceolate, 6–8 mm long, tapered to a short pungent awn, thickish, 3–9-nerved, usually scabrous along midrib; lemma resembling glumes but slightly longer and less prominently nerved; palea about equal to body of lemma. Flowers Dec.–Feb.

HNF, HSF, SnM, VAlp. Also NSW, Tas. Scattered, but locally common in damp alpine/subalpine grassland (e.g. Mt Buffalo, Bogong High Plains, Dargo High Plains, Nunniong Plateau, Snowy Range between Mt Wellington and Mt Howitt).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Australopyrum velutinum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Australopyrum velutinum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory