Callitris verrucosa (A.Cunn. ex Endl.) F.Muell.

Scrub Cypress-pine

Essay Pl. Coll. Fitzalan 19 (1860) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Stunted or several-stemmed tree or shrub, to 5 m high. Leaves 1–4 mm long, lime- or dark green, outer side rounded. Female cones single or in groups of 2 or more, broad ovoid to sub-globose, usually 1.5–2.5 cm diam. when open, persistent; scales thick, usually permanently adhering toward base, dorsal surface rugose, densely covered with tubercles, with very small dorsal point near apex; columella not lobed, usually short and thick.

LoM, MuM, RobP, Wim. Also WA, SA, NSW. Restricted in Victoria to mallee sand-ridges.

Although C. gracilis can have quite tuberculate cones, the tubercles never entirely cover the cone scales as in C. verrucosa. In addition, the shrubby habit of C. verrucosa is usually sufficient to distinguish this species from C. gracilis. Some authors, following Garden (1957), treat C. verrucosa as a subspecies of C. gracilis, but in south-eastern Australia, C. glaucophylla and C. gracilis are morphologically more similar than C. gracilis and C. verrucosa.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-26
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Cupressaceae
genus Callitris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Callitris verrucosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Callitris verrucosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Gippsland Plain present cultivated

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales