Chrysocephalum apiculatum subsp. congestum Paul G.Wilson

Nuytsia 27: 41 (2016)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect perennial herb to 20 cm high with woody rootstock, sometimes rhizomatous and then sometimes forming extensive colonies; stems and branches closely cottony to sericeous. Leaves often clustered near base of plant, c. linear to narrow-spathulate, 2–6 cm long, 1–10 mm wide, acute to acuminate, apiculate, base attenuate, margins flat or recurved, surfaces cottony, sometimes more densely beneath. Capitula 3–many, congested, campanulate to obconical, 7–10 mm diam.; involucre c. 10-seriate, 4–5 mm long; outer bracts sessile, wholly golden-yellow or tinged brown, shortly ciliate; intermediate bracts longest, erect, long-clawed, c. as long as florets, ciliate, often minutely scabrid near apex. Female florets with 0–4(–5) pappus bristles; bristles shortly plumose in distal half, scabrid below. Cypselas c. 0.7 mm long; pappus 2–3 mm long, yellow. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

CVU, DunT, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA,  NSW. Widespread in Victoria, predominantly in inland western regions, where often found in grassland and grassy woodland.

This subspecies is a common inhabitant of basaltic grasslands and woodlands of the northern and western plains. The shape and indumentum of the involucral bracts is variable. The variants found in western Victoria grade into the local variant of Chrysocephalum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum, and to the north possibly into C. apiculatum subsp. racemosum (J.M.Black) Paul G.Wilson which has not reliably been recorded for Victoria.

Created by: Val Stajsic, 2016-10-04
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-01
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Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chrysocephalum apiculatum subsp. congestum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chrysocephalum apiculatum subsp. congestum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native