Chrysocephalum apiculatum (Labill.) Steetz

Common Everlasting

Pl. Preiss. 1: 474 (1845) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Ascending to erect perennial herb to 60 cm high; stems and branches cottony or cobwebbed. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, 2–6 cm long, 5–25 mm wide, acuminate to rounded, apiculate, base often stem-clasping, margins flat or recurved, surfaces cottony, sometimes more densely beneath. Capitula 3–many, often in corymbose clusters, campanulate to obconical, 10–15 mm diam.; involucre c. 10-seriate, 7–11 mm long; bracts ciliate; outer bracts sessile, wholly golden-yellow or tinged brown, rarely white tinged pink; intermediate bracts longest, erect, long-clawed, c. as long as florets. Florets female and bisexual. Cypselas 0.5–1 mm long; pappus 3–4 mm long, yellow. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Widespread and sometimes locally common, particularly in western Victoria, often near the coast or inland in grasslands, heathlands or grassy woodlands.

An extremely variable species, 29 subspecies have been elucidated in a recent revision of Chrysocephalum apiculatum, 9 of which are recorded in Victoria (Wilson 2016). Boundaries between subspecies may not always be clear, and apparent overlap in the distributions of some taxa may further complicate identification of individuals. Moreover, some forms may not be readily distinguished from C. semipapposum (see note under that taxon).

Currently the distribution and ecological preferences of subspecific taxa are poorly understood.

Number (and subtle differences in morphology) of pappus bristles of the female florets (the outer two rows of florets) may be useful in the discrimination of some taxa. Care should be taken interpreting this character as florets may vary in pappus bristle number within a single head. The outermost row of female florets often has fewer bristles than those in the inner row. Likewise, the bisexual florets often have many more bristles than the female florets. 

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-04

Wilson, P.G. (2016). A taxonomic treatment of Chrysocephalum apiculatum and C. semipapposum (Asteraceae: Gnaphaliae)., Nuytsia 27: 33-73.

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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chrysocephalum apiculatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chrysocephalum apiculatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory