Chrysocephalum semipapposum (Labill.) Steetz

Clustered Everlasting

in Lehm., Pl. Preiss. 1: 474 (1845) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect perennial herb or subshrub, mostly 15–60 cm high, often aromatic, occasionally rhizomatous; stems and branches variably indumented. Leaves very variable, often dimorphic, linear to oblong or narrowly lanceolate, mostly 2–50 mm long, 1–5(–15) mm wide, acute to acuminate, bases often decurrent, margins usually recurved or revolute, silky, cottony, hispid or sometimes glabrescent to glabrous. Capitula usually many, in dense corymbose clusters, occasionally solitary, campanulate to hemispherical, 3–7 mm diam.; involucre 8–10-seriate, 5–8 mm long; involucral bracts stipitate with fringed membranous lamina developed to some extent; outer bracts woolly, golden-yellow or brownish; inner bracts longest, erect, c. equal to florets. Outer florets female, inner florets bisexual. Cypselas 0.5–1.4 mm long; pappus 2–4 mm long, yellow, sometimes lacking in female florets. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, RobP, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread across much of Victoria in a wide variety of habitats.

Chrysocephalum semipapposum has long been a taxonomically difficult group. A study by Wilson (2016) established 5 subspecies, 4 of which occur in Victoria, however intermediates exist as well as some extreme forms, possibly warranting further recognition. Furthermore, the distinction between C. semipapposum and C. apiculatum is not always clear.

Some, perhaps all, of the subspecies display heteroblasty - that is, leaves of two more-or-less distinct forms may occur on the plant at one time. Usually leaves associated with flowering stems are larger and often less hairy, whereas short-leaved stems are often vegetative only or may produce small, few-headed conflorescences. Flowering is often promoted by fire or other disturbance and successive seasons may produce largely vegetative growth.

The distribution of each of the subspecies in the State is at this stage poorly understood as most Victorian specimens have yet to be returned from a research loan.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-01

Wilson, P.G. (2016). A taxonomic treatment of Chrysocephalum apiculatum and C. semipapposum (Asteraceae: Gnaphaliae)., Nuytsia 27: 33-73.

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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chrysocephalum semipapposum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chrysocephalum semipapposum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory