Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br.

Hottentot Fig

in E.Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Flow. Pl. 249 (1926) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stems to c. 2 m long, 8–13 mm diam. Leaves 4–10 cm long, 5–12 mm thick, dull to bright shining green, c. equilateral near the middle, all faces slightly concave, the keel usually reddish, denticulate at least in the upper half. Flowers 7–8.5 cm diam.; pedicel 1–2 cm long; calyx tube turbinate or oblong-turbinate; sepals 5, the 2 longest 20–45 mm long, with denticulate keels; petaloid staminodes c. 120–130, 30–35 mm long, in 3–5 series, yellow becoming flesh-pink, densely streaked brown throughout when dry; stamens c. 400–600, in 5–8 series; ovary convex on top with a central depression; styles 8–10, free. Fruit hemispherical to subglobose, or obovoid, indented at apex, barely compressed, 2.5–3 cm long. Flowers most of year.

*GipP, *MuM, *OtP, *Strz, *VVP, *WaP. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to South Africa. Sometimes becoming established on sandy soils near coasts (e.g. Port Campbell, Point Lonsdale, Mornington Peninsula, Walkerville) where planted for dune stabilization.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Aizoaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2020-09-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Aizoaceae
genus Carpobrotus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Carpobrotus edulis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Carpobrotus edulis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales