Brassica oleracea L.

Wild Cabbage

Sp. Pl. 667 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Biennial or perennial. Taproot robust. Stems erect, to 1(–3) m high, becoming woody, with conspicuous basal leaf scars, glabrous. Leaves more or less fleshy, glaucous, glabrous; lower leaves to 40 cm long, broad and rounded, petiolate, margins variously scalloped, occasionally pinnately lobed; upper leaves oblong, not lobed, sessile, base clasped around less than a third of the stem. Inflorescence an extended raceme. Sepals erect, 6–12 mm long; petals 12–25 mm long, yellow; stamens erect; ovary sessile. Fruit ascending, 5–10 cm long (including beak), 2–5 mm wide, cylindric, or weakly compressed; beak 5–11 mm long, with 1 or 2 seeds; pedicel 10–30 mm long; seeds 2–4 mm diam., dark brown to black. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *MuM, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Probably native to northern Mediterranean coast. An occasional garden-escape, sometimes becoming naturalised.

Many varieties of this species are commonly cultivated as vegetables (e.g. Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Kohlrabi).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Brassica
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Brassica oleracea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Brassica oleracea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory