Sp. Pl. 667 (1753) APNI
Biennial or perennial. Taproot robust. Stems erect, to 1(–3) m high, becoming woody, with conspicuous basal leaf scars, glabrous. Leaves more or less fleshy, glaucous, glabrous; lower leaves to 40 cm long, broad and rounded, petiolate, margins variously scalloped, occasionally pinnately lobed; upper leaves oblong, not lobed, sessile, base clasped around less than a third of the stem. Inflorescence an extended raceme. Sepals erect, 6–12 mm long; petals 12–25 mm long, yellow; stamens erect; ovary sessile. Fruit ascending, 5–10 cm long (including beak), 2–5 mm wide, cylindric, or weakly compressed; beak 5–11 mm long, with 1 or 2 seeds; pedicel 10–30 mm long; seeds 2–4 mm diam., dark brown to black. Flowers Sep.–Nov.
*DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *MuM, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Probably native to northern Mediterranean coast. An occasional garden-escape, sometimes becoming naturalised.
Many varieties of this species are commonly cultivated as vegetables (e.g. Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Kohlrabi).
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|