Eucalyptus elata Dehnh.

River Peppermint

Cat. Horti. Camald. 1: 26 (1829) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 40 m tall with compact, dark grey rough bark on lower part of trunk, upper trunk smooth, and crown ribbony; rarely a smooth-barked mallee. Juvenile leaves sessile, opposite for many pairs, lanceolate, to 12 cm long, 2.8 cm wide, green; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, narrowly lanceolate, 9–15 cm long, 0.7–1.5 cm wide, concolorous, glossy, green: intramarginal vein remote from edge; reticulation very sparse, with numerous island oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 1.2 cm long, 9–30(or more)-flowered; buds on slender pedicels, clavate, to 0.5 cm long, 0.3 cm diam., no scar (single operculum); operculum hemispherical to conical; stamens mostly inflexed; anthers dorsifixed, reniform; ovules in 2 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit pedicellate, truncate-globose, to 0.6 cm long, 0.6 cm diam.; disc descending; valves 3 or 4, below rim; seed brown, glossy, smooth, pyramidal but distorted by one curved face, hilum terminal. Flowers Aug.–Dec.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuM, NIS, VAlp. Also NSW. Common in the east along rivers in lower foothills west to Bairnsdale, but with outliers near Heyfield and east of Mt Useful.

Usually recognized as a tall straight-trunked tree with dark compact rough bark on the lower trunk, crown of narrow, highly-scented leaves, and with conspicuous ribbons of loose bark. In a few exposed, elevated, rocky sites (e.g. Little River Gorge and Bare Hills near Wulgulmerang and on dry hills above the Macalister River it grows as a smooth-barked mallee (see also E. ornans).

 A 19th Century collection of this species by the anthropologist A.W. Howitt, from the Murrindal River, north of Buchan, notes an Aboriginal (Kurnai) name for this species as 'wang-ngara', apparently denoting tough, sinew-like bark.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-02-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus elata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus elata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory