Cassinia nivalis Orchard

Ochre Cassinia

Australian Systematic Botany 18: 468 (2005) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Erect shrub to 1–2(–2.5) m tall; branchlets deep reddish-purple, densely covered with spreading conical multiseriate aculeate hairs, occasionally also with a sparse cottony underlayer. Leaves spreading to erect, with a small pulvinus, terete, 15–25(–30) mm long, 0.5–0.7(1.0) mm wide, upper surface dark glossy green, densely aculeate or sometimes almost smooth, dense white cottony hairs below except midrib, apex mucronate, moderately to strongly reflexed, margin revolute to midrib. Inflorescences hemispherical, 1–10 cm diam. Capitula 80–100, cream to ochre-coloured, cylindric, 3.5–5 mm long, 1.5–2.5 mm wide; involucral bracts 14–18, innermost oblong, 3.0–3.2(–3.5) mm long, erect, white towards tip, greenish-brown hyaline in midsection, yellow-brown at base; margin entire, incurved; receptacular bracts c. 3; florets 5(–6). Cypsela cylindric, 0.8–1.0 mm long, 4- or 5-ribbed, glabrous or with scattered resin droplets or with minute scattered blunt hairs (mostly < 0.1 mm long except near apex where to 0.1 mm long); pappus 2.2–3.0 mm long. Flowers Jan. –Apr.

GipP, HNF, HSF, SnM, VAlp. Mostly in dry Eucalyptus forests in mountainous regions from the Yarra Ranges east to the Nunniong Plateau, but also in coastal woodland and forest around Lakes Entrance area (e.g. Nyerimilang, Kalimna).

Cassinia nivalis is the only Victorian representative of section Costatae and can be distinguished from other Victorian Cassinia species by cypsela characters that are characteristic of this section. These include cypselas that are reddish-brown when mature and have four or five longitudinal ribs (Orchard 2005).

Lowland collections of Cassinia nivalis from the Lakes Entrance area differ from most upland collections in generally having more or less smooth upper leaf surfaces. Most upland collections of C. nivalis generally have quite densely scabrous leaf surfaces (but smooth in a few).

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2015-10-09
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-04-24
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Cassinia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cassinia nivalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cassinia nivalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map