Cicendia quadrangularis (Lam.) Griseb.

Square Cicendia

Gen. Sp. Gent. 157 (1838) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender herb 1–8 cm high, usually simple, sometimes few-branched from near base. Leaves oblanceolate or obovate to lanceolate or ovate, 2–10 mm long, 1–3 mm wide, often congested at base. Flowers 1–few, on erect pedicels to 4 cm long. Calyx c. cupular, 2–6 mm long, strongly 4-angled (sometimes with a narrow ridge between each angle), lobes at each angle firm, tooth-like, 0.5–1 mm long, the intervening margin membranous, often ruminate; corolla yellow, tubular part subequal to but much narrower than calyx, lobes spreading, broadly ovate or obovate, 1.5–3 mm long. Capsule broadly ellipsoid, 2–5 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT. Native to south-western USA and western South America. Locally common on winter-wet soils and mossy rock ledges and crevices; mostly north of the Great Dividing Range, but scattered in dryish areas to the south. Sometimes occurring with Cicendia filiformis.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-11-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Gentianaceae
genus Cicendia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cicendia quadrangularis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cicendia quadrangularis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory