Proc. Linn. Soc. London session 155: 279 (1944) APNI
Rhizome short; shoots densely tufted. Culms erect, terete to trigonous, smooth to scabrous, 20–100 cm long, c. 1.7 mm diam. Leaves exceeding culms, 3–6 mm wide; sheath dark yellow-brown, persisting as fibrous remains; ligule retuse. Inflorescence spreading to drooping, 20–45 cm long, usually longer than culm, with 1–5 spikes per node; lowest involucral bract shorter than inflorescence. Spikes long-pedunculate, distant, spreading to erect at maturity, 3–5.5 cm long; upper 1–4 spikes male; lower spikes entirely female or with various arrangements of male and female flowers; glumes retuse to obtuse, often erose, long-mucronate, pale yellow-brown; female glumes 4–8 mm long (including mucro to 1.5 mm long); utricles 5–7 mm long, c. 1.5 mm diam., ellipsoid, several-nerved (faintly so adaxially), hispid above, pale green to brown; beak 1.0–1.5 mm long, with apex 2-fid; style 3-fid. Nut obovoid, trigonous, yellow-brown. Flowers spring–summer.
CVU, DunT, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, SnM, VAlp, VVP, WaP. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Naturalized in New Zealand. Occasional on relatively fertile soil in depressions and fringing watercourses; chiefly west of Melbourne, occasional at higher altitudes in the east.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||native|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||native|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||native|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|