Eucalyptus yarraensis Maiden & Cambage

Yarra Gum

in Maiden, Crit. Revis. Eucalyptus 6: 17 (1922) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Tree to 15 m tall; bark rough over whole trunk and to 10 cm diam. branches. Juvenile leaves petiolate, alternate, elliptic to ovate, to 8 cm long, 5 cm wide, glossy, green; adult leaves petiolate, elliptic to broadly lanceolate, undulate, 6–10 cm long, 1.2–3 cm wide, concolorous, glossy, green; reticulation dense, apparently glandless. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 0.8 cm long, 7-flowered; buds pedicellate, diamond-shaped, to 0.5 cm long, 0.3 cm diam., scar present; operculum conical; stamens inflexed; anthers dorsifixed, cuneate; ovules in 4 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit pedicellate, obconical, to 0.5 cm long, 0.5 cm diam.; disc raised and annular; valves 3 or 4, slightly exserted; seed brown-black, flattened-ellipsoid, surface rough, lacunose, hilum ventral. Flowers Sep.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGL, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, OtP, Strz, VVP. Endemic in Victoria. Extending west from Glengarry (near Traralgon) to Melbourne and north-west to Daylesford and Ararat. Collections of small-budded and -fruited swamp gums from east of Cavendish may be this taxon. Very small-fruited forms of the species occur in remnant stands in outer southeastern to northeastern Melbourne suburbs (e.g. Scoresby, Wantirna, Yan Yean).

A poorly known species whose distribution appears to have been much fragmented by the clearing of the natural habitat. It is distinguished from E. ovata by the completely rough bark and smaller leaves, buds and fruits. Fresh leaves steeped in hot water emit a bitter-almond (cyanic) odour, a reaction not observed in E. ovata.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-02
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus yarraensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus yarraensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory