Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P.Beauv.

False Brome

Ess. Agrostogr. 101 (1812) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual, culms often geniculate near base, rarely branched, to 40 cm high, nodes pubescent. Leaves scabrous, usually with scattered hairs; blades flat, to 8 cm long and 5 mm wide, with a prominent, usually ciliate marginal vein; ligule membranous, hairy, truncate or ragged at apex, c. 1.5 mm long. Inflorescence a raceme of up to 6 shortly pedicellate to subsessile spikelets. Spikelets lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 cm long (excluding awns), 7–15-flowered; lower glume 3–5-nerved, c. 4 mm long, upper glume 5–7-nerved, exceeding the lower by up to 2 mm; body of lemma 8–10 mm long, tuberculate, awn slightly longer than body; palea equal to body of lemma with conspicuous marginal bristles. Flowers Sep.–Dec.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas., widely in temperate regions world-wide. Indigenous in the Mediterranean region to western Asia. Occurs chiefly on sandy or rocky soils, particularly on basalt in the south near Melbourne and on seasonally wet ground in the north.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Brachypodium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Brachypodium distachyon in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Brachypodium distachyon in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory