Trifolium angustifolium var. angustifolium

Narrow-leaved Clover

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending annual herb; stems 10–35 cm long, scarcely branched, appressed- or subappressed-hirsute. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, petiolate; leaflets linear-lanceolate, 30–70 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, appressed-pubescent, more or less entire, acute to obtuse; stipules many-veined, partly adnate to petioles. Inflorescence many-flowered, terminal, spicate, cylindric or conical, 30–80 mm long, 5–15 mm wide, pedunculate; flowers sessile. Calyx to 10 mm long, covered with appressed to spreading hairs, tube cylindric-campanulate, 10-veined, throat closed by 2-lipped callosity in fruit, teeth about as long as tube, spreading stellately in fruit, unequal, spiny; corolla 8–13 mm long, white, pink or almost purple, not persistent; standard notched. Pod ovoid, c. 2 mm long, membranous, included in calyx tube; seed 1 or rarely 2, ovoid, c. 2 mm long, light brown. Flowers mainly Sep.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised all States except NT. Native to parts of northern Africa, Eurasia. Well-established weed throughout much of Victoria particularly north of the Great Dividing Range.

Zohary & Heller (1984) recognize 2 varieties, apparently only the type variety occurring in Victoria; var. intermedium Gibelli & Belli differs in having petioles longer than leaflets and blunt calyx teeth.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-29

Zohary M. & Heller, D. (1984). The genus Trifolium, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Trifolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Trifolium angustifolium var. angustifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Trifolium angustifolium var. angustifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory