Eucalyptus polyanthemos Schauer

Red Box

in Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 924 (1843) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 20(–40) m tall or mallee; bark rough. Crown of mature tree mostly of orbicular juvenile to broadly elliptic late intermediate leaves, less often with crown of lanceolate leaves. Juvenile leaves petiolate, opposite for few pairs then alternate, orbicular, often emarginate, to 6.5 cm long, 8 cm wide, dull, grey-green or green, not or slightly glaucous on stems and leaves; reticulation very dense, with sparse or obscure oil glands. Inflorescences terminal panicles; peduncles to 1 cm long, 7-flowered; buds pedicellate, diamond-shaped, glaucous, to 0.6 cm long, 0.3 cm diam., scar present; operculum hemispherical to conical; stamens inflexed with outer staminodes; anthers adnate, cuboid; whole androecium may be shed intact as a ring; ovules in 4 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit pedicellate, obconical, to 0.7 cm long, 0.4 cm diam.; disc descending; valves 3 or 4, below thin, often split, rim; seed brown, irregularly ovoid and slightly flattened, surface shallowly reticulate, hilum ventral.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim.

4 subspecies, 3 in Victoria.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-08-07
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus polyanthemos in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus polyanthemos in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory