Trifolium tomentosum var. tomentosum

Woolly Clover

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Ascending or decumbent annual herb; stems many, 5–25 cm long, branching mainly from lower parts, terete or furrowed, glabrous to sparsely hairy. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, long-petiolate; leaflets obovate to oblong-cuneate, 4–15 mm long, 2–10 mm wide, wholly glabrous or sparsely hairy beneath, margins acutely dentate, apex rounded, truncate or retuse; stipules membranous, connate in lower half. Inflorescence many-flowered, axillary, umbellate, 6–12 mm long, 5–8 mm wide, sessile or pedunculate; flowers shortly pedicellate, erect or deflexed after anthesis. Calyx at first c. 3.5 mm long, much inflated in fruit, hairy on upper side, tube cylindric, faintly 10-veined becoming reticulately veined in fruit, upper lip much inflated, woolly-pilose or glabrescent, throat narrowed or closed in fruit, hairy, teeth unequal, much shorter than tube, blunt, upper teeth spreading or curved in fruit (when usually obscured by hairs), lower 3 teeth longer than upper 2; corolla 3–6 mm long, resupinate, pink, not persistent; standard ovate, notched at apex. Pod ovoid, c. 1.5 mm long, membranous, included in calyx tube; seeds 1 or 2, ovoid, c. 1.3 mm long, brown or yellowish with darker spots.  Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised all States except NT. Native to northern Africa, Europe and temperate Asia.

Widespread but mostly in drier northern and western parts of the State

Zohary & Heller (1984) recognize 6 varieties of which only the type variety has been recorded for Victoria.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-08-28

Zohary M. & Heller, D. (1984). The genus Trifolium, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Trifolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Trifolium tomentosum var. tomentosum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Trifolium tomentosum var. tomentosum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Bridgewater present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory