Prosopis velutina Wooton

Velvet Mesquite

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 456 (1898) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Shrub or tree to 3.5(–10) m high, branching near base; branchlets covered in longish hairs. Leaves with rachis 2–4 cm long, minutely hairy; pinnae in 1 or 2 pairs; pinnules in 7–30 pairs, more or less oblong, 4–13 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, usually asymmetric, with scattered minute hairs on margins and upper surface, apex obtuse with small deflexed point; spinescent stipules 1–2 cm long, usually in pairs. Flowering racemes 5–11 cm long; calyx pubescent. Pods 7–18 cm long, 6–12 mm wide, moniliform in part, yellowish-brown, pubescent when young, shortly stalked; seeds 3–11, brown, transverse. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

*MuF, *VRiv. Also naturalised NT, Qld, NSW. Recorded in seasonally inundated paddocks near the Ovens and Murray rivers in northern Victoria.

Prosopis juliflora has previously been misapplied to this species in Victoria.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-08-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Prosopis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prosopis velutina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prosopis velutina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales