Leptospermum scoparium J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Manuka

Char. Gen. 72, t. 36 (1776) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or tree, procumbent or erect, to c. 5 m high; bark on smaller stems smooth, shedding in stringy strips. Young stems with a narrow to broad flange near base of petiole. Leaves narrowly elliptic to almost circular (broadest near the middle and tapering above and below), 7–22 mm long, 2–7 mm wide, glabrous; apex acuminate or subulate, flat to incurved, pungent; margins flat to incurved, minutely denticulate. Flowers 9–14 mm diam.; hypanthium 2.5–3.5 mm long, glabrous; pedicel to 1 mm long; sepals triangular, c. 2 mm long, glabrous on outer surface, deciduous; petals 3–6 mm long, white; ovary 5-locular, apex glabrous. Fruit persistent, broadly hemispherical, 6–10 mm diam., surface ultimately shedding in papery flakes, becoming rough, valves woody; seeds 2–3.5 mm long, with a linear-striate surface pattern. Flowers mainly Sep.–Mar.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also NSW, Tas. New Zealand. Occurs along banks of watercourses and on lower hillslopes, often in rocky sites.

Leptospermum scoparium can approach L. continentale in appearance, leading to difficulties with identification. Where the two occur together (e.g. foothills of Dandenong Ranges) L. scoparium is usually a taller, leafier shrub than L. continentale. New Zealand forms of L. scoparium are widely used in horticulture, giving rise to a wide array of brightly coloured, often double-flowered cultivars.

Source: Lyne, A. (1996). Leptospermum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Leptospermum
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Leptospermum scoparium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Leptospermum scoparium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania