Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted or rhizomatous annuals or perennials; annuals often amphicarpous (i.e. with basal spikelets hidden amongst leaf-sheaths). Culms nodeless, terete to triquetrous, glabrous. Leaves mostly reduced to a mucro on a sheath, occasionally a longer blade present; ligule membranous. Aerial inflorescence pseudolateral, umbel-like or head-like or a single spikelet; lowest involucral bract culm-like, usually erect. Spikelets usually sessile, many-flowered; hypogynous bristles 2–6, filiform and retrorsely scabrous, or flattened and irregularly plumose; stamens 2 or 3; style 2- or 3-fid. Nuts lenticular or trigonous, smooth or transversely rugose. Basal spikelets with longer, 3-fid styles and larger nuts.

A cosmoplitan genus of c. 30 species;  4 species in Australia (in all States).

Previously more broadly circumscribed to include the smaller perennials and annuals that are now placed in Schoenoplectiella.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2020-07-09

Wilson, K.L. (1981). A synopsis of the genus Scirpus sens. lat. (Cyperaceae) in Australia, Telopea 2(2): 153-172.

Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa