Trifolium stellatum var. stellatum

Star Clover

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending annual herb; stems few, 10–25 cm long, covered with appressed (not in Victoria) or patent hairs. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, short- to long-petiolate; leaflets obcordate, 5–12 mm long, 4–8 mm wide, hairy on both surfaces, upper margins sharply dentate; stipules membranous, prominently veined, dentate, hairy. Inflorescence mostly few–10-flowered, terminal, globular, 15–35 mm long, 15–30 mm wide, pedunculate; flowers on pedicels c. 1 mm long. Calyx to c. 15 mm long, villous, tube campanulate, 10-veined, throat fleecy but open, teeth about twice as long as tube, equal, spiny, spreading stellately in fruit; corolla 8–12 mm long, white or pink (in Victoria), rarely purple or yellow, not persistent; standard ovate to oblong, slightly longer than wings. Pod obovoid to pyriform, to c. 3 mm long, membranous, included in calyx tube; seed 1, ovoid, c. 2 mm long, brown or yellowish. Flowers mainly Sep.–Nov.

*Glep, *NIS, *VRiv, *Wim. Als naturalised WA, SA, Tas. Native to parts of northern Africa, western Asia, western and southern Europe. Currently known with certainty in Victoria only from the extreme south-west corner.

Zohary & Heller (1984) recognize 4 varieties of which only the type variety has been recorded for Victoria. The varieties differ mainly in their indumentum and corolla size and colour.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-18

Zohary M. & Heller, D. (1984). The genus Trifolium, Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Trifolium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Trifolium stellatum var. stellatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Trifolium stellatum var. stellatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia