Salix cinerea subsp. oleifolia (Sm.) Macreight

Rusty Sallow

Man. Brit. Bot. 212 (1837) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Multi-stemmed, usually dome-shaped shrub to 8 m or more high with rigidly erect outer branches; wood weakly to strongly striate; twigs mostly dark reddish-brown; buds initially densely pubescent, becoming glabrescent and somewhat shiny. Leaves oblanceolate to narrowly oblong, 2.5–7.7 cm long, 1.5–3.5 cm wide, lustrous dark green above, slightly bullate, ultimately virtually glabrous except on veins, underside grey-glaucous, sparsely tomentose with short sparse, subappressed, more or less crisped hairs, rust-coloured hairs scattered on and between the veins, especially toward apex; margins weakly to strongly glandular-serrate, usually undulate. Fruit not seen. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

*CVU, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *Strz, *VAlp. Also naturalised NSW, Tas. Native to Europe. Known habitat like that of subsp. cinerea, but poorly collected and so far known from low altitudes; apparently most abundant around Ballarat and Sale.

Some specimens while agreeing with all other characters of subsp. oleifolia, lack rust-coloured hairs on the leaf undersurface; they may represent hybrids with subsp. cinerea, as apparently occur in New Zealand (Webb et al. 1988).

Salix ×calodendron Wimm. (a hybrid of S. caprea L., S. cinerea subsp. oleifolia and S. viminalis L.) of Britain and western Europe, an erect multi-stemmed shrub or small tree to 12 m high, has been planted for stream stabilization in the catchment of the Ovens River and may be naturalized. It has striated wood; densely pubescent twigs and shoots; and entire leaves which are prominently petiolate, ovate to oblong-elliptic, to c. 10 cm long and 5 cm wide, dull and thinly pubescent above, and glaucous-pubescent beneath. Only female plants are known (it apparently does not produce seed) and the catkins, to c. 7 cm long, are densely long-sericeous. It is naturalised in New Zealand (Webb et al. 1988).

Source: Carr, G.W. (1996). Salix. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-20
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Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Salicaceae
genus Salix
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salix cinerea subsp. oleifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salix cinerea subsp. oleifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales