Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f.

Green Bird-orchid

Fl. Antarct. 1: 69 (1844) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 2–4 cm tall (scape elongating to 10 cm or more after pollination). Leaves linear-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, petiolate, more or less fleshy, 30–100 mm long, 10–30 mm wide, bright green. Flower predominantly green with reddish markings; dorsal sepal hooded, ovate-lanceolate, 12–16 mm long; lateral sepals recurved, linear, 10–12 mm long; petals erect, incurved to spreading, 10–12 mm long. Labellum on short claw, usually triangular, 9–12 mm long; calli dark green or reddish, variously arranged, sessile, elongated or flattened. Column widely winged in upper half, the points of the wings higher than the anther. Flowers Oct.–Feb. (self–pollinating).

EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, WPro. Also SA, NSW, Tas. New Zealand. Occurs chiefly in highland forests on and south of the Great Dividing Range, mostly east of Melbourne, with isolated records from the Portland area, the Grampians and the Otway Range. Extremely shade tolerant and often found in fern gullies where sometimes growing on fibrous-trunked tree-ferns or rotting logs.

Apparent hybrids with C. valida have been observed where the two species are sympatric.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-02-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Chiloglottis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chiloglottis cornuta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chiloglottis cornuta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Greater Grampians present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales