Chiloglottis valida D.L.Jones

Common Bird-orchid

New Taxa Austral. Orchid. (Austral. Orchid Res. 2) 2: 43 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 4–7 cm tall (scape elongating to 10 cm or more after pollination). Leaves broadly elliptic, petiolate, 30–50(–100) mm long, 10–40 mm wide, dark green above, paler beneath, margin entire. Flower greenish-purple to purplish-brown; dorsal sepal erect, incurved, broadly obovate-spathulate, 19–30 mm long; lateral sepals porrect in basal half then recurved, divergent or parallel, broadest near the base then tapered to apex, 16–25 mm long; petals incurved or slightly divergent, asymmetrically ovate-lanceolate, 16–23 mm long. Labellum on short claw, broadly ovate-cordate, 13–19 mm long; calli reddish to blackish, in central, proximal two-thirds of lamina; main central gland stalked, erect and curved forwards, flanked by 1–3 (rarely 4) pairs of calli (sometimes all absent), the basal ones stalked, others sessile, apical gland sessile. Column widely winged in upper half, wing as long or longer than anther. Flowers Oct.–Feb.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro. Also NSW, ACT. Widespread and locally common in moist forests of cooler areas of the state from near sea-level to beyond the snowline (e.g. Bogong High Plains), but apparently much less common in the far west.

Victorian plants previously known as Chiloglottis gunnii are now referable to C. valida. Chiloglottis gunnii is a smaller flowered species now regarded as a Tasmanian endemic.

Hybridises with C. trapeziformis to produce the named hybrid C. ×pescottiana.

Apparent hybrids with C. cornuta occur where the two species are sympatric.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Chiloglottis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chiloglottis valida in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chiloglottis valida in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory