Wurmbea dioica (R.Br.) F.Muell.

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Herbs usually 3.5–40 cm high, dioecious, or monoecious (then, often with some bisexual flowers within inflorescence). Leaves 3, linear to subulate or filiform with expanded sheathing base, 1–30 cm long, 0.5–6.0 mm wide (measured at midpoint). Flowers 1–15; tepals elliptic, 4–11 mm long, free or shortly fused basally, spreading, white with a basal purple or greenish nectary band about one third from base; nectary 1 per tepal, usually a single band, rarely narrowly divided at centre; stamens from half to two-thirds as long as tepals, anthers red to purple or yellow.   Flowers Jun.–Nov.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Occurs widely and sometimes abundantly in low open-forests, woodland and grassland, usually in seasonally wet areas.

4 subspecies recognised in W. dioica, 3 are present in Victoria. A fourth, subsp. alba T.D. MacFarl. is apparently confined to south-western WA, and is distinguished by its entirely white flowers.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-12-09
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-12-09
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Wurmbea dioica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Wurmbea dioica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory