Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze

Buffalo Grass

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 794 (1891) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Rhizomatous and stoloniferous perennial, usually prostrate but occasionally weakly ascending. Culms to 40 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade flat or broadly channelled, obtuse, to 18 cm long and 12 mm wide; sheath strongly compressed; ligule 0.5–1 mm long. Inflorescence a one-sided spike-like panicle, 5–10 cm long; spikelets sub-sessile, in four rows, those of the inner 2 rows embedded in the flattened axis and the outer rows on short (to c. 6 mm), closely appressed branches terminating in an awn-like tip. Spikelets lanceolate, 4–5 mm long; lower glume truncate, 1–2 mm long, membranous; upper glume 9-nerved, as long as spikelet, papery; lower floret staminate, its lemma equal to upper glume but firmer, palea subequal to lemma; upper floret resembling lower but bisexual. Flowers Dec.–Feb.

*Brid, *CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalized in all States. Native to tropical and warm-temperate areas of North and South America and Africa. Widely planted as a tough, hardy lawn grass and naturalised along roadsides, stream verges and near-coastal areas, particularly on lowland sandy soils.

Numerous cultivars with ranges of tolerance of drought, shade and with varying levels of toughness of the foliage have been developed in recent years, particularly with the growth of the 'instant lawn' industry.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2016-04-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Stenotaphrum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Stenotaphrum secundatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Stenotaphrum secundatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales