Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

Garlic Mustard

Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3: 418 (1913) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Biennial herbs to c. 1 m high, glabrous or with simple hairs, smelling of garlic when crushed. Basal leaves long petiolate, reniform or cordate, c. 15–88 mm wide, margins crenate or dentate; cauline leaves petiolate, broadly ovate, cordate, or deltoid, up to 15 cm long and wide; margins crenate; apex acute; base cordate or truncate. Sepals c. 2–4 mm long; petals 4–8 mm long, white. Fruit linear, (20–)30–70(–80) mm long, 1.2–2.5 mm wide, glabrous; style (0.2–)1–2(–3) mm long. Seeds narrowly oblong, 2–4.5 mm long, brown or black, striate.

*CVU. Native to Eurasia. In Victoria invading roadside vegetation dominated by exotic species in the Macedon Ranges.

Plants have distinctly broad, simple leaves with long petioles (up to c. 16 cm long on basal leaves) that smell of garlic when crushed.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-08-18
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-01
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Alliaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Alliaria petiolata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Alliaria petiolata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map