Austrostipa setacea (R.Br.) S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett

Telopea 6: 589 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted perennial, culms erect, to 80 cm high, nodes glabrous. Leaves smooth and glabrous to finely scabrous; blade erect or flexuose, closely folded or inrolled to 30 cm long and 1 mm diam.; ligule glabrous, 1.5–9 mm long. Inflorescence a loosely contracted panicle 10–20 cm long. Glumes 9–14 mm long, purplish, soon fading to straw-coloured, acuminate but the tip readily eroding, membranous, the lower 1–4 mm longer than upper; lemma 5.5–7 mm long, strongly constricted near the apex, the nerves standing out as ridges along the constriction; lemma black at maturity, scabrous, covered with spreading white hairs except for a small bald patch about the constriction; coma slightly spreading, 0.4–1 mm long; callus 1.7–2.5 mm long; awn twice bent, 25–40 mm long, 5–8 mm to the first bend; palea about equal to lemma, deeply grooved down the midline, glabrous. Flowers mainly Oct.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, MuF, MuM, NIS, VRiv, VVP, Wim. SA, Qld, NSW, ACT,. Rather rare in Victoria, known from the Stawell-Horsham area (including Mt Arapiles), Inglewood, and grasslands in the Sunbury-Bacchus Marsh areas, with disjunct occurrences near Numurkah and Mackillops Bridge on the Snowy River. Apparently confined to drier rocky sites.

The name Austrostipa setacea R. Br. (as Stipa) had erroneously been applied (e.g. Willis 1970) to falcate-awned members of the genus.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Stipa setacea R.Br.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-11-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Austrostipa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Austrostipa setacea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Austrostipa setacea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory