Grevillea aquifolium Lindl.

Holly Grevillea

in T.Mitch., Three Exped. Australia 2: 178 , non (Lindl.) Meisn. 1845 (1838) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect to spreading shrub 0.7–2.0(–4) m high, or decumbent to prostrate, rarely forming mats to 10 m across. Branchlet indumentum tomentose, with strongly curled hairs. Leaves 3–10.5 cm long, 1–4.5 cm wide, 5–19-lobed or toothed, ovate to oblong-elliptic in outline, rarely 3–5-dentate or entire; primary lobes or teeth sometimes with a single secondary lobe on the distal edge, ultimate lobes triangular, 0.5–1.7 cm long, to 0.8 cm wide, usually pungent; lower surface densely to loosely tomentose; margin shortly recurved to almost flat. Conflorescences terminal, erect to decurved, simple, secund, 1.5–5 cm long; rachises tomentose to subvillous; perianth cream, green, grey, rarely yellow to pink or red; perianth 1.9–2.8 mm across, outer surface loosely to densely tomentose (limb often villous-bearded), inner surface glabrous; pistil 21–26 mm long, ovary stipitate, subvillous, style usually red or sometimes yellow to pink-orange, glabrous, style-end abruptly contracted into style, pollen presenter oblique. Fruits tomentose, with longitudinal reddish bands. Flowers mainly Aug.–Jan.

Brid, CVU, DunT, Glep, Gold, GGr, LoM, OtP, VVP, Wim. Also SA. Occurring in a wide range of habitats (e.g. heath, woodland, mallee communities, swampy areas) from the Stawell and Grampians area to the Little Desert, also Portland district. Usually on sandy soils, but some populations occur on peaty or clayey or loamy soils derived from limestone.

A very variable species in habit and foliage. Olde & Marriott (1995a) delineate a number of forms. The dominant form in the Grampians has large leaves with deep, regularly arranged triangular lobes. Also in the Grampians, a distinctive population occurs in the Mt Difficult-Lake Wartook area; this population has smaller leaves (often 1–4 cm long) with sparing obtuse shallow lobing (commonly 3–7-lobed, rarely a few 1-lobed or entire); plants of this form may be prostrate or erect, and may grow adjacent to and intergrade with the commoner form. Prostrate plants may superficially resemble G. repens, but are easily differentiated by their tomentose perianths, leaf undersurfaces, and branchlets. Populations in far western Victoria and South Australia have fairly large leaves, with numerous regular but shallow lobes.

Often confused with G. ilicifolia, which has the hairs on the outside of the perianth appressed, those of the ovary 'tidy' and antrorsely aligned, and those of the undersurface of the leaf usually appressed and straight.

Source: Makinson, R.O. (1996). Grevillea. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-12-28
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Proteanae
order Proteales
family Proteaceae
genus Grevillea
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Grevillea aquifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Grevillea aquifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory