Brassica tournefortii Gouan

Mediterranean Turnip

Ill. Observ. Bot. 44, t. 20A (1773) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual, sometimes detaching near ground level at maturity and dispersing as a tumbleweed. Taproot long. Stems erect, to 60 cm high, herbaceous, branched, bristly at base to glabrous above. Basal leaves petiolate, with 4–10 pairs of irregularly-toothed lateral lobes, densely bristly underneath; upper leaves becoming sessile and bract-like towards apex of plant. Inflorescence initially with open flowers overtopping or equalling the buds, elongating with age. Sepals erect, 3–4 mm long; petals 5–8 mm long, pale yellow fading to white; stamens erect; ovary sessile. Fruit erect, 3–7 cm long (including beak), 2–3 mm wide; valves constricted between seeds, midrib not prominent; beak 8–20 mm long, with 1 or 2 seeds; pedicel 10–25 mm long; seeds c.2 mm wide, reddish-brown. Flowers Apr.–Oct.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also States. Native to Europe. Common weed in mallee areas, found sporadically in other areas but then usually as a crop weed.

Reportedly taints cow's milk, reduces crop yield and can become entangled in harvesting machinery (Hewson 1982).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Brassica
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Brassica tournefortii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Brassica tournefortii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory