Philotheca verrucosa (A.Rich.) Paul G.Wilson

Nuytsia 12: 260 (1998) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or subshrub to c. 80 cm high; branchlets glabrous, with many prominent oil glands, lacking dark, stipule-like excrescences. Leaves narrowly to broadly obcordate, 6–15 mm long, 4–7 mm wide, leathery, more or less concolorous, smooth above, prominently glandular-verrucose below, margins thick. Inflorescences axillary, 1–3-flowered; pedicels borne on a common peduncle. Flowers 5-merous; sepals suborbicular, c. 1 mm long; petals elliptic, c. 6 mm long, white (pink in bud), glabrous (but often papillose within), not persisting in fruit; anthers with two prominent glands beneath white apiculum; ovary glabrous, carpels free for most of their length. Follicles prominently beaked, c. 6 mm long; seed flattened-ellipsoid, c. 4.5 mm long. Flowers mostly Aug.–Oct.

CVU, DunT, GipP, Gold, GGr, HSF, LoM, MuF, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Mostly on shallow, often rocky soils in open-forest or woodlands of the central goldfields (Bendigo, Castlemaine areas) and Grampians, but occasionally in heathlands and mallee on sand (e.g. Little Desert).

A range of floral abnormalities occur in wild populations of E. verrucosus. Generally, these involve extra whorls of floral organs (especially petals), and several of these 'double-flowered' forms (originally sourced from around Bendigo or Heyfield) are commonly cultivated (Elliot & Jones 1984). Cookson (1921), described plants from near Castlemaine in which the petals bore pollen-producing anthers, and mentioned a single specimen with 6-merous, but otherwise regular, flowers.

Source: Bayly, M.J. (1999). Eriostemon. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Eriostemon verrucosus A.Rich.).
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
family Rutaceae
genus Philotheca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Philotheca verrucosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Philotheca verrucosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory