Agrostis capillaris L.

Brown-top Bent

Sp. Pl. 62 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Rhizomatous perennial (occasionally also producing stolons), culms erect, to 70 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade flat or inrolled, smooth or slightly scabrous, to 20 cm long and 4 mm wide; ligule obtuse, to 2 mm long, mostly shorter than broad. Inflorescence an open (rarely strongly contracted) panicle, 2–20 cm long, the branches inclined to the rachis. Clavate apex of pedicel smooth. Spikelets 2–3.5 mm long, usually purplish-brown but occasionally wholly greenish; glumes subequal, firmly membranous, narrowly acute, the lower weakly scabrous along the keel above midway, the upper usually smooth along the keel; lemma membranous, truncate or the nerves exserted as short points, two-thirds to three-quarters as long as glumes; palea about half as long as lemma; anthers 1–1.5 mm long.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim.

Two varieties are present in Victoria, the awnless typical variety, and the awned var. aristata.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Agrostis
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Agrostis capillaris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Agrostis capillaris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present introduced
Highlands-Far East present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory