Monotoca scoparia (Sm.) R.Br.

Prickly Broom-heath

Prodr. 547 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Lignotuberous shrub to c. 2 m high; branchlets sparsely hispidulous to glabrous. Leaves narrowly oblong to elliptic, c. 7–16(–22)mm long, 1–3 mm wide, mucronate, convex, glabrous, lower surface dull pale green to whitish; margins usually recurved, smooth; petiole often puberulous abaxially when young. Flowers 2–9 in axillary spikes, or the lowermost solitary, subsessile; lowermost spikes with peduncle 0–0.6 mm long, usually with 1–4 sterile bracts; bracts, bracteoles and sepals obtuse; bracts persistent, 0.3–0.9 mm long; bracteoles 0.7–1.2 mm long; sepals 0.9–1.9 mm long; corolla whitish-cream, campanulate, 1.3–2.8 mm long in female flowers; 2–4 mm long in males; lobes glabrous to papillose, shorter than or rarely equal to the tube; anthers 1.1–2.1 mm long, usually enclosed within or half-exserted from corolla tube; ovary plus style 0.8–1.4 mm long. Fruit ovoid to c. spherical, 2.5–3.5 mm long, pale yellow at maturity. Flowers Dec.–Aug.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Occurs from sea-level to montane elevations in well-drained sandy or rocky sites, mostly in heath-land and heathy woodland.

Plants from New South Wales and Queensland have orange fruit but only yellow fruit have been observed in Victorian populations. Occasionally hybridizes with M. billawinica, and rarely with M. glauca.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Epacridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Ericaceae
genus Monotoca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Monotoca scoparia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Monotoca scoparia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory