Monotoca billawinica Albr.

Muelleria 8: 303 (1995) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Dense shrub or small tree to c. 4.5 m high; branchlets glabrous or puberulous. Leaves elliptic, c. 9–17(–26) mm long, 2.1–4.2 mm wide, mucronate, flat to convex, glabrous, lower surface distinctly whitish; margins smooth, plane to slightly recurved; petioles glabrous abaxially. Flowers 2–8 in axillary spikes or the lowermost solitary, pedunculate; lowermost spikes with peduncle 0.6–2.7 mm long, sterile bracts absent or very rarely 1–2; bracts, bracteoles and sepals obtuse; bracts persistent, 0.3–1.1 mm long; bracteoles 0.8–1.4 mm long; sepals 1.2–1.9 mm long; corolla whitish-cream, campanulate, 1.6–2.3 mm long in female flowers; 2.4–3.1 mm long in males; corolla lobes glabrous or occasionally papillose, c. equal to tube; anthers 1.2–1.9 mm long, exserted from corolla tube at maturity; ovary plus style 0.9–1.3 mm long. Fruit ovoid to spherical, c. 2.5–3 mm long, red-orange at maturity. Flowers Feb.–Apr.

DunT, GGr. Endemic in the Grampians on the higher parts of Victoria and Mt Difficult Ranges where occasional to locally plentiful amongst sandstone rocks and in sandy loam in shrubland, woodland and open-forests.

Closely related to M. glauca, differing in size of floral parts, petiole vestiture and features of the fruit. In some locations M. billawinica hybridizes with M. scoparia.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Epacridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Ericaceae
genus Monotoca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Monotoca billawinica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Monotoca billawinica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map