Cullen patens (Lindl.) J.W.Grimes

Spreading Scurf-pea

Mulleria 9: 196 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Prostrate perennial herb, usually with a greenish appearance, atypically greyish; stems to c. 1 m long, striate, grey-pubescent, glands not visible. Leaves pinnately trifoliolate, 3–10 cm long; leaflets more or less ovate, 1–4 cm long, 7–20 mm wide, upper surface glabrous or grey-pubescent, lower surface usually more densely hairy, both surfaces dotted with glands, apices obtuse, margins irregularly toothed, undulate; terminal petiolule 3–15 mm long; stipules triangular-lanceolate, 2–8 mm long. Inflorescence rachis 1–16 cm long; peduncles mostly 2.6–13.5 cm long in early flower, shorter or longer than subtending leaves; flowers in 2s or 3s, subsessile; bract ovate-acuminate, 1.5–5.5 mm long, tomentose; calyx tubular-campanulate, 3.2–6 mm long, villous with white hairs, teeth unequal, upper 2 longer than lateral 2, all 4 longer than calyx tube, lower one longest; corolla 4–6.5 mm long, purple distally, white towards base, exceeding calyx by c. 1 mm, persistent in fruit. Pod ovoid, c. 3 mm long, included in calyx, villous, brown, indehiscent; seed 1, c. 2 mm long, yellow. Flowers mainly Jul.–Nov.

LoM, MuM, RobP. All mainland states. Endangered in Victoria where known from very few collections in the far north-west of the State, growing in clay or sandy clay soils.

See notes under C. pallidum.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Cullen
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cullen patens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cullen patens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Robinvale Plains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales