Polypogon lutosus (Poir.) Hitchc.

Perennial Beardgrass

Bull. U.S.D.A. 772: 138 (1920) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted or rhizomatous perennial, culms geniculate, 10–60 cm high. Leaves glabrous, somewhat glaucous; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 10 mm wide, scabrous toward tips; ligule obtuse, membranous, 3–7 mm long. Inflorescence a dense narrowly ovate to cylindric panicle, 3–15 cm long and 8–60 mm wide. Spikelets 1-flowered; glumes 2, persistent, 1-nerved, subequal, narrowly elliptic, 2–3 mm long, scabrous-pubescent, minutely notched at apex, with a slender awn 2–3.5 mm long inserted in the notch; lemma 5-nerved, 1–2 mm long, minutely dentate at apex, glabrous, with a subterminal awn 2–3 mm long; palea 2-nerved, slightly shorter than lemma. Flowers Dec.–Mar.

*Brid, *EGL, *GipP, *MonT, *MuF, *OtP, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Recorded from wet, often slightly saline areas from Portland, Heywood, Warrnambool, Kerang and Melbourne areas.

Perennial Beard-grass is sometimes considered to be a sterile intergeneric hybrid between Polypogon monspeliensis and Agrostis stolonifera L. In Victoria it appears to be a fertile, true-breeding species and is treated as such here. It is an occasional component of saltmarshes and margins of brackish watercourses.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as ×Agropogon littoralis (Sm.) C.E.Hubb.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-10
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Polypogon
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Polypogon lutosus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Polypogon lutosus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Bridgewater present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales