Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.

Fl. Atlant. 1: 67 (1798) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted annual, culms erect, often geniculate at base, to 90 cm high. Leaf-blades flat, finely scabrous, to 20 cm long and 8 mm wide; sheaths smooth; ligules membranous, obtuse, 3–14 mm long. Inflorescence a dense, narrowly ovate to oblong panicle, 2–15 cm long and 1–3.5 cm wide, overall pale yellow-green; glumes oblong, 1.5–2.5 mm long (excluding awns), membranous, scabrous, ciliate along margins, shallowly notched at apex with a straight, slender awn 4–7 mm long arising from the notch; lemma ovate, c. half as long as glumes, hyaline, dentate, with a slender apical awn not or barely exceeding glumes; palea slightly shorter than lemma. Flowers mainly Sep.–Feb.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. A weed of damp or wet sites throughout much of lowland Victoria, occasionally forming dense swards, and occasionally growing largely submerged.

Perennial Beard-grass, Polypogon lutosus (Poir.) Hitchc. is sometimes considered to be a sterile intergeneric hybrid between Polypogon monspeliensis and Agrostis stolonifera L. In Victoria is appears to be a fertile, true-breeding species and is treated as such here. It is an occasional component of saltmarshes and margins of brackish watercourses.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2016-03-30
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-10-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Polypogon
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Polypogon monspeliensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Polypogon monspeliensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory