Eragrostis falcata (Gaudich.) Gaudich. ex Steud.

Nom. Bot., edn 2, 563 (1840) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: data deficient (k)

Tufted perennial or annual, culms ascending to erect, to 50 cm high. At least the young leaves with sparse, fine hairs to 2 mm long, becoming glabrous, occasionally merely tuberculate or glabrous; blade closely inrolled, to 6 cm long and 1 mm wide; hais of ligule c. 0.5 mm long. Inflorescence an open panicle, 3–10 cm long and up to 6 cm wide, branches finally stiffly spreading, lower branch solitary. Spikelets (5–)9–35-flowered, 5–15 mm long and 0.7–1 mm wide, sometimes purplish, dull; glumes obtuse, 1–1.3 mm long, subequal, scarious, early-deciduous; lemmas closely overlapping, at least the lowermost in spikelets 1.5 mm long or slightly more, very obtuse or truncate, or broadly emarginate, apex and margins broadly membraous, lateral nerves indistinct, nearer to margin than to keel; palea slightly shorter than lemma; anthers 0.4–1 mm long. Flowers Oct.–Jan. (2 records) but possibly throughout warmer months when water is available.

MuM, MSB. Confined in Victoria to the far north-west and known only from collections near Mildura and Lake Wallawalla. Grows in silty clays of saline flats, probably periodically inundated. Occurs in all mainland States.

Close to E. lacunaria from which it is most readily distinguished by the dull spikelets, longer more obtuse to truncate lemmas and larger anthers.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-08-14
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Eragrostis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eragrostis falcata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eragrostis falcata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory