Leptospermum lanigerum (Aiton) Sm.

Woolly Teatree

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 3: 263 (1797) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or tree to 4 m high; bark on smaller stems smooth, in eastern forms shedding in stringy strips; on larger stems fibrous, persistent. Leaves linear or narrowly elliptic to narrowly obovate, 4–20 mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, silky on both surfaces and with a silvery sheen, or glabrous (in far western form) or glabrous on upper surface and silky on lower surface, usually spreading; apex acute to acuminate, flat or incurved or recurved; margins flat to recurved. Flowers c. 15 mm diam.; hypanthium 3–5 mm long, villous, sessile; sepals narrowly triangular to triangular, 3–5 mm long, acute, villous on outer surface, persisting on fruit; petals c. 6 mm long, white; ovary 5-locular, apex glabrous. Fruit broadly hemispherical, persistent, 5–8 mm diam., surface ultimately shedding in papery flakes, valves woody; seeds c. 3 mm long, with a linear-striate surface pattern. Flowers Sep.–Feb.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread, chiefly in southern Victoria, forming thickets in lowland swamps (and depleted through clearing and draining swamps), or fringing watercourses in the foothills.

Leptospermum lanigerum is very variable in regard to leaf indumentum. Some plants from far western Victoria (e.g. Lower Glenelg and Mt Richmond National Parks, Kentbruck Heath, Portland etc.) have glabrous green leaves and lack the silky, silvery-grey leaves typical of the species further east.

Source: Lyne, A. (1996). Leptospermum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Leptospermum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Leptospermum lanigerum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Leptospermum lanigerum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory