Cullen microcephalum (Rchb. ex Kunze) J.W.Grimes

Dusky Scurf-pea

Muelleria 9: 195 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Trailing or ascending perennial herb or sub-shrub; stems 30–80 cm long, glabrous or with sparse appressed dark hairs. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, to c. 15 cm long; leaflets lanceolate to ovate-oblong, 2–9 cm long, 5–25 mm wide, upper surface dotted with glands, apices more or less acute, margins entire; stipules acuminate, to c. 7 mm long. Inflorescence rachis 2–9 cm long; peduncles to 35 cm long, much longer than subtending leaves; flowers mostly in 3s along rachis; pedicels to c. 1.5 mm long; bract ovate, to c. 3 mm long, hairy. Calyx campanulate 3–5 mm long, dark-hairy, teeth subequal, about as long as calyx tube, lower one slightly larger and longer than others; corolla 5–7 mm long, pinkish-purple or white. Pod ovoid, c. 3 mm long, included in calyx, glabrous, rugose-wrinkled, black; seed 1, c. 2 mm long, yellow. Flowers Nov.–Apr.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP. Also SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread but generally uncommon plant, mostly from riparian habitats or other moist shady places.

Plants from the Hawkesdale area are generally less robust and have smaller leaflets and shorter inflorescences. However, these features are quite continuous for the species and may be influenced by factors such as soil-type or altitude. See also notes under C. parvum.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Cullen
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cullen microcephalum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cullen microcephalum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory