Cullen parvum (F.Muell.) J.W.Grimes

Small Scurf-pea

Muelleria 9: 195 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Trailing or ascending perennial herb; stems to 50 cm long, glabrous or with sparse hairs. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, to c. 10 cm long; leaflets lanceolate or oblanceolate to oblong, 5–25(–40) mm long, 2–8(–22) mm wide, both surfaces usually sparsely hairy, upper surface dotted with glands, apices acute or obtuse, margins entire; stipules lanceolate to ovate, to c. 4 mm long. Inflorescence rachis 1–3 cm long; peduncles 2–10 cm long, much longer than subtending leaves; flowers mostly in 3s along rachis; pedicels to c. 1 mm long; bract suborbicular, c. 1 mm long, hairy. Calyx ovoid, 4–5 mm long, white-pubescent, teeth subequal, longer or shorter than calyx tube, lower one slightly larger and longer than others; corolla 4–6 mm long, bluish-pink, lilac or white. Pod ovoid, c. 3 mm long, included in calyx, white-pubescent, brownish; seed 1, c. 2 mm long, yellowish. Flowers mainly Oct.–Jan.

CVU, GipP, HSF, MuF, OtP, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also SA, (extinct in NSW). Very rare in Victoria where known from a few localities in north-central and south-central areas, and western suburbs of Melbourne, where it grows mainly in grassland or grassy woodland, often on basalt-derived soils.

In addition to the features given in the key, Cullen parvum differs from C. microcephalum in having smaller stipules and a fruiting calyx that more fully encloses the fruit.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-25
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Cullen
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cullen parvum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cullen parvum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory