Lagenophora gunniana Steetz

Coarse Bottle-daisy

in Lehm., Pl. Preiss. 1 (2): 431 (1845)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizomatous herb; roots and rhizomes fleshy. Leaves 10–60(–105) mm long and 5–15(–25) mm wide, sessile with a slightly winged petiole-like base 5–20(–40) mm long, obtuse or rounded, both surfaces with eglandular hairs 0.4–1 mm long, and sessile glands, margins dentate, crenate, pinnatilobate, with 11–21 teeth. Scapes, 1–5 per tuft, 3–16 cm long at anthesis, 6–30 cm long at fruiting stage, indumentum upright, antrorse, retrorse and appressed, 0.3-0.7 mm long; bracts 3–6, upper ones 2–4 x 0.5–1 mm, lower ones 4–20 x 1–4 mm or occasionally larger; capitulum 7–12 mm wide; involucral bracts lanceolate to narrow lanceolate, glabrous or minute hairs on mid part of outer surface, apex acute, in 2–4 rows, outer bracts shorter than the inner bracts, outer bracts c. 2.2 mm long, inner bracts c. 3 mm long. Ray florets 40 (–50), in 4–6 rows, ligules 0.5–1 mm long, mauve, light yellow, creamy. Disc florets 10(–15), mauve. Cypselas obliquely obovate with lower part unequal, 2.9–3.4 mm long (excluding beak) and 1–1.3 mm wide, dark purplish brown at maturity, glands evenly scattered along dorsal edge and densely covered ventral edges; cypsela beak to 0.6–1 mm long, densely surrounded by glands, and with a white annular collar at its apex. Flowers mostly from Sep.-Oct., and fruits mainly from Sep.-Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA, Tas. Widespread on plains and low hills in central, western and northern Victoria.

Plants from eastern Australia previously treated as Lagenophora huegelii are now referable to Lagenophora gunniana, the former now regarded as being endemic to Western Australia.  L. gunniana differs by the number of disc florets 10(–15) (20–50 for L. huegelii), and the transversely wrinkled cypselas on both faces and edges (smooth cypselas in L. huegelii).

Source: Clarke, I.C. (1999). Lagenophora. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-10-16
 
References

Wang, J. & Bean, A.R. (2019). A taxonomic revision of Lagenophora Cass. (Asteraceae) in Australia, Austrobaileya 10(3): 405–442.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Lagenophora
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Lagenophora gunniana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lagenophora gunniana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native