Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Southern Blue-gum

Voy. Rech. Pérouse 1: 153 (1800) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 70 m tall; bark smooth, apart from base which has persistent slabs, shedding in large strips and slabs, yellowish or grey. Juvenile leaves sessile, opposite for many pairs on conspicuously winged stems, elliptic to ovate, to 15 cm long, 10.5 cm wide, glaucous; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, falcate or lanceolate, 15–30 cm long, 1.7–3 cm wide, concolorous, glossy, green to dark green; reticulation moderately dense, with numerous, mostly intersectional oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; 1-, 3- or 7-flowered; buds sessile or pedicellate, hypanthium obconical; operculum flattened, prominently umbonate, very warty, glaucous or green, scar present; stamens inflexed; anthers cuneate; ovules in 4–8 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit sessile or pedicellate, obconical to hemispherical; disc flat to annular; valves 4 or 5, about rim level, partly covered by lobes of disc; seed black-brown, flattened-ellipsoid, shallowly reticulate, hilum ventral. Southern Blue-gum.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro.

All the subspecies of E. globulus are notable for the saplings to more than head height, which are conspicuous with large, glaucous juvenile leaves. These can be seen along roadsides or in disturbed areas where the parent trees occur. Coppice growth of similar form can often be seen as new sprouts on upper trunks and branches. Eucalyptus globulus is an important plantation species and has been the subject of several studies (Kirkpatrick 1975, Jordan et al. 1993) which have revealed that subspp. globulus, bicostata and pseudoglobulus intergrade extensively. The natural distribution of subsp. globulus, in Victoria, has undoubtedly been confused by forestry plantings this century.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus globulus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus globulus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory