Acacia baileyana F.Muell.

Cootamundra Wattle

Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 24: 168 (1888) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Small tree or sometimes shrub, to 6 m high; bark smooth and brown; branchlets slightly angled and furrowed, with waxy bloom, sometimes hairy. Leaves bipinnate, silvery-blue, glaucous; rachis 1–4 cm long, with a raised gland at the junction of usually the top few pinnae pairs; pinnae in 2–6 pairs, crowded; pinnules in 12–20 pairs, crowded, linear-oblong, mostly 5–7 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, shorter towards ends of pinnae, usually glabrous but sometimes with a few marginal hairs, apex acuminate. Inflorescence a raceme; heads globular, 20–25-flowered, bright yellow; peduncles 4–7 mm long. Pod straight or slightly curved, flattish, 4–11 cm long, 8–14 mm wide, irregularly constricted, brown to black, sometimes with waxy or whitish bloom. Flowers Jun.–Sep.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW (native and naturalised), ACT. Native to the Cootamundra-Wagga Wagga area of New South Wales. Commonly cultivated and now widely naturalised in all mainland states except Northern Territory. Common in dryish woodland and open-forests, usually on poor shallow soils.

Purple-leaved sports, favoured in horticulture, may also occur in naturalised populations.

Naturalised populations of Acacia baileyana are known to sometimes hybridise with A. dealbata producing plants with leaves intermediate between the two parent species. It also hybridises with naturalised plants of Acacia decurrens.

This fast-growing but short-lived species has become an troublesome environmental weed in Victoria.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-08-27
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Acacia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Acacia baileyana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Acacia baileyana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory