Dodonaea viscosa Jacq.

Sticky Hop-bush

Enum. Syst. Pl. 19 (1760) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Dioecious or polygamodioecious, spreading or erect shrub, or tree to c. 5 m; branchlets angled to flattened, usually slightly ribbed, puberulent to glabrous. Leaves simple, sessile or petiolate, linear to obovate or spathulate, rarely cuneate to angular-obovate, 1–15.5 cm long, 1–25 mm wide, obtuse to acuminate, sometimes rounded and mucronate, rarely emarginate or 3-toothed, entire to irregularly sinuate or minutely dentate, glabrous, viscid; petiole to 18 mm long. Flowers in terminal panicles; pedicels 3–9 mm long; sepals 3–4, lanceolate to ovate, 1.3–3 mm long, viscid, caducous; stamens 6–10, usually 8, usually longer than the sepals; ovary glabrous to pubescent. Capsule 3–4-winged, broadly elliptic to transversely elliptic in outline, 8.5–22(–28) mm long, 11–22(–28) mm wide, glabrous, wings 2–6(–10) mm wide, membranous or sometimes coriaceous; seed lenticular, 2–3.1 mm long, black, dull, exarillate. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. The most widespread species of the genus and found almost throughout Victoria (rare in Eastern Highlands and Snowfields). It occurs in a variety of habitats but mainly open-forests, woodlands and mallee scrub.

7 subspecies, 4 occurring in Victoria. Generally, these subspecies are readily distinguishable but many intermediates exist where two or more subspecies are sympatric, e.g. western and eastern Victoria. Owing to difficulty of assignation of old records of D. viscosa, and the numerous specimens of unclear subspecific affinity, general distribution information only is available for the subspecies. Hybrids of D. viscosa and D. boroniifolia occur in areas of overlapping distribution.

A horticultural form, D. viscosa 'Purpurea', originating from the South Island of New Zealand, is an occasional garden-escape, e.g. on the Mornington Peninsula. It is readily recognizable by large leaves (to 12 cm long and 2.5 cm wide) with a purple abaxial surface.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Sapindaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-12
 
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Distribution map

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Dodonaea viscosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Dodonaea viscosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania