Sp. Pl. 84 (1753) APNI
Establishment means:Sparingly established
Slender, erect annual to 1.5 m high, culms pubescent below the inflorescence. Leaves glabrous, smooth to finely scabrous; blade flat, 10–25 cm long, 3–10 mm wide; ligule truncate, membranous, 1–2 mm long; falcate auricles sometimes developed. Inflorescence a dense spike, 5–15 cm long (excluding awns), usually drooping at maturity; rachis silky-hairy along lateral angles. Spikelets 12–25 mm long (excluding awns), with 2 equal, opposed florets; glumes equal, subulate, 6–12 mm long, strongly keeled; lemma lanceolate, 7–15 mm long, scabrous-ciliate along keel and margins, evenly tapered to the 2–5 cm long, scabrous awn; palea subequal to body of lemma. Flowers Aug.–Sep.
*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *LoM, *NIS, *OtP, *VVP, *Wim. Observed in Victoria chiefly in the north-west where cultivated for green fodder and grain, but likely to appear wherever grain is spilt (e.g. vicinity of stock or grain-handling yards).
An intergeneric hybrid between S. cereale and Triticum aestivum, known as 'Triticale', is becoming valued as a crop in the western part of the State. It appears to be more resistant to fungal disease than wheat and its yields are comparable to that crop.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||introduced|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|