Eucalyptus tricarpa (L.A.S.Johnson) L.A.S.Johnson & K.D.Hill


Telopea 4: 247 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 35 m tall; bark rough over whole trunk and branches, thick, hard, furrowed, black (ironbark). Juvenile leaves petiolate, opposite for few pairs then alternate, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, to 17 cm long, 4 cm wide, more or less discolorous, green or greyish-green or glaucous; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, lanceolate, 9.5–22 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, concolorous, green or glaucous; reticulation dense with numerous intersectional oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 1.8 cm long, 3-flowered; buds pedicellate, ovoid, to 1.7 cm long, 0.8 cm diam., no scar (2 opercula intact); operculum conical to beaked; stamens inflexed with outer staminodes anthers adnate, cuboid; ovules in 4 vertical rows; flowers white, rarely pink. Fruit pedicellate, truncate-globose, to 1.4 cm long, 1.4 cm diam.; staminal ring deciduous; disc descending; valves 5 or 6, below rim; seed brown, irregularly ovoid and slightly flattened, surface shallowly reticulate, hilum ventral.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HSF, MuF, OtP, OtR, VRiv, VVP.

2 subspecies.

Strongly pruinose plants from the St. Arnaud district are included in Eucalyptus tricarpa subsp. decora. There are several other localised forms in Victoria that appear might warrant taxonomic recognition.

Presumed hybrids with E. viridis have been recorded near Inglewood (see E. ×blackburniana).

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-25
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus tricarpa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus tricarpa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory